The project APPRAIS aims to facilitate a structural reform of the HE system in the Kurdistan region of Iraq by introducing pillars of the Bologna process and good governance practices, supporting the modernization of HEIs and improving the capacities of leaders and staff at the Kurdish universities. The overall result is to raise the quality of the Higher Education sector, by reaching key milestones along the way. The results and achievements of the project are presented below.

Report on the working groups held in Erbil on November 2021, which substitued the field visits in the Kurdistan region of Iraqt, in the three provinces of Erbil, Sulaymaniyah and Duhok. The visits were not feasible at that time due to the still ongoing COVID-19 restrictions. 

The first step of the project was to conduct an up-to-date needs analysis of the Kurdish Higher Education system, led by Duhok University (WP1 leader) and UNIMED (WP1 co-leader), aimed at identifying gaps and priorities in governance, quality assurance practices and credits recognition for learning mobility.  

The process of identification of needs included a thorough desk research, a self-evaluation exercise on behalf of the 8 Kurdish universities and working groups performed in November 2021 in Erbil.

The whole process and the final report are available HERE

The design of the institutional roadmaps by the 8 Kurdish universities has been a long-lasting process. The steps undertaken, the intermediate results (including the not-expected ones) and the final outcomes are reported HERE.

Report of the consultative workshop held at the University of Pisa (Italy) concurrently with the 2nd partnership meeting. On March 15th all partners of the project gathered for a workshop titled “Definition of a roadmap for a better university governance and implementation of Bologna process at KRI HEIs”. The consultation workshop was the occasion for European Partners to share their experiences with the Bologna Process implementation in Italy, Spain, Portugal and Norway, and to answer to the doubts of Kurdish HEIs regarding their implementation process. Kurdish representatives discussed and defined the high-level objectives for the universities as guiding principles for the WP2 roadmap.


The training week in Oslo was the fist step of the activities planned in WP3 Strategic Planning, Management and Quality Assurance: Capacity Building Action. Representatives from the 8 Kurdish partner universities travelled to Norway to attend the training week hosted by the University of Oslo from May 9th to May 13th 2022, and discuss together the main practices of the Bologna Process, to learn how to implement major changes at their institutions, and discuss on how to move forward in the path of modernization and renovation.  Training week in Oslo - Report

The capacity building action continued at the University of Sulaymania for a week of training workshops from June 13th to June 16th 2022. The training workshops saw the participation of 40 participants among academic and administrative staff representing the 8 Higher Education Institutions from the Kurdistan region of Iraq and the Ministry. In this occasion the training was more practical and operational compared to the week in Oslo. Sulaimani Training workshop - Report.

The double field visit at the University of Pisa and the University of Evora was a key milestone in the project after the training weeks in Oslo and Sulaimani organised respectively in May and June 2022.  27 academic staff members from Kurdish universities participated in the circular field visit at the two EU university partners for this on-the-job training. They had the opportunity to see how universities implement procedures and mechanisms, such as respecting quality standard, the management of the internationalisation units, the management of research activities, and more. The field visits were very practical as a number of visits at the main university offices have been also organised.  Read more HERE

The general aim of the APPRAIS MOOC is to provide different training modules on selected topics, to train Kurdish staff members and set the basis for the definition of the institutional strategic plans (as foreseen in WP5).

The main topics included in the MOOC are related to governance, the design of the study programs (learning outcomes, student workload, and the European Credit Transfer System), recognition of credits, learning mobility, and internal and external quality assurance.

All EU partners, under the overall guidance of the WP4 coordinator – Murcia University – and the co-leader, University of Zakho– are contributing to the course contents by sharing their own experience, good practices, and knowledge, providing an overall view about the principles of the Bologna Process as it was implemented in their HEIs.

The description of the MOOC and course design is available HERE in English and HERE in Kurdish.

The internal Quality and Evaluation Plan of the project is available HERE. In order to support the success of APPRAIS in the achievement of its ambitious objectives, it is key to establish proper quality and evaluation procedures enabling the effective monitoring of the project progressing and accompanying the project throughout its development. 

The project is also monitored and assesed by an External Evaluator, appointed to conduct an impartial and external evaluation of APPRAIS tasks, results, cooperation arrangements and project coordination. The External Quality plan is available HERE.

The Dissemination and Exploitation Plan of the APPRAIS project is available HERE. The main objective of the document is to define the priorities, strategies and tools for the communication, exploitation and sustainability of the project. Most notably, the promotion of the project and its achievements contributes to ensure the transparency of the project partnership and funding, to promote a common message on the necessity to develop skills and competences for the modernization of the Kurdish universities’ governance, to give visibility to the main activities carried out in this framework and ultimately to contribute to the project results sustainability. The plan is enriched by specific and customized activities for each of the identified target groups and by indicators to quantify the aimed values for each activity and identified stakeholders.

The project website is the main dissemination tool aimed at presenting the project, informing on ongoing activities and the outcomes generated. One of the main dissemination tasks is to constantly feed the web with multi-media contents, news and press releases on activities and initiatives. All the communication material produced is also uploaded on the website, to be available for partners and externals who want to further disseminate the project.

Website URL:

For the Kurdish version please visit here:

The Report on the website visits between September 2021 and October 2022 is available HERE.

Dissemination materials are produced all along the project lifetime, to support promotion of specific project moments. It includes up-to-now a project postcard, a project brochure, roll-ups, project templates. All materials are available in the Media kit section of the website. The Newsletter archive is also available there. To access click HERE.

The project has also an Instagram account, see more HERE

The first Dissemination Report (mid-term) is available HERE.

The Project Management Handbook of the APPRAIS project is available HERE. The document is a reference manual containing the project management strategy and procedures, integrating the decisions taken at the kick-off meeting, and the composition of the Assembly of Partners and the Strategic Committee. The Handbook summarizes the management principles and methods to be followed in the project, the decision-making process, the work breakdown structure, the role and tasks per Partners, the risk management strategy and the management monitoring tools. It serves as a reference document for the project partners and the External Evaluator.